9 Best Flowers In Canada, Their Names And Meanings

Best Flowers In Canada

Canada is a welcoming nation, and it’s famous for all the right reasons. The people are extremely polite, and it’s a great place to spend your life pleasantly.

Just like its name, The great white north is known for great things, such as Ice Hockey and breathtaking scenery.

And adding to the beauty of those vast, stunning landscapes that Canada hosts, you have some of the most unique flowers.

You know flowers are not just for decoration; you can use them to convey your emotions, too. They have their own language, and if you know what they symbolize, you can express your point of view to someone else through them.

Whether you are looking for fresh flowers or handmade bouquets to send as a gift, https://flowercompany.ca/ has got you covered.

But to take care of your sightseeing and an Anthophile’s natural enthusiasm, we have compiled a list of some unique flowers found in Canada along with their meanings. 

Purple Saxifrage

Scientifically known as Saxifraga Oppositifolia, Purple Saxifrage is a low-growing plant that reaches up to a height of about 3 to 5 cm.

This unique, vibrant flower blooms between June and July; however, the timing depends on the melting of snow.

You will find them growing in arctic or alpine regions. They are edible and rich in vitamin C. The Purple Saxifrage is the official flower symbol of Nunavut, Canada. In terms of flower language, the Saxifrage symbolizes devotion, affection and passion. 

Western Red Lily

The scientific name of the Western Red Lily is Lilium Philadelphicum, and it belongs to the Lily family.

This perennial lily species is also known as the wood lily or prairie lily. The Western Red Lily is prominently found in British Columbia and Quebec but is listed as an endangered species.

The beautiful Lily blossoms between June and August and produce orange or red flowers, and they reach up to a height of between 30 to 90 cm.

It is a provincial floral emblem of Saskatchewan, Canada. The red colour represents love, courage and passion. 


Mayflower, also known as trailing Arbutus, hails from the Ericaceae family. Its scientific name is Epigaea repens and is prominently found in Newfoundland, Canada. It’s a slow-growing spreading shrub that thrives best in moist and acidic soil.

The plant does not set seeds every year, so it spreads slowly. The suitable time for this unique flower to bloom is between April to May.

Epigaea repens is the official floral emblem of Nova Scotia. The Mayflower is pink and faded to almost white and symbolizes gratitude. 

Blue Flag Iris

Blue Flag Iris hails from the Iridaceae family and is native to Eastern Canada. Scientifically known as Iris Versicolor, the genus was named after the Greek goddess of the rainbow.

It’s a perennial lily that blooms from May to June and reaches up to a height of 10 to 80 cm.

It is Quebec’s official floral emblem as it highlights the importance of water and wetlands. The flower has beautiful features and is often used for decoration. The beautiful flower from the Iris family is often associated with faith and hope.


Fireweed’s scientific name is Chamerion Angustifolium, and it’s a perennial herbaceous plant. It comes from the Evening Primrose family and is commonly known as willowherb. The genus consists of about 200 species, several of which are native to Canada.

Fireweed is a native flower to the Northern Hemisphere and can be found throughout Canada.

The flowers are edible and rich in vitamin C, and pro-vitamin A. Fireweed can reach up to a height of 0.5 to 2.5 m and has been the official flower symbol of Yukon, Canada, since 1957. This Canadian native is a symbol of transformation.

White Trillium

The scientific name is Trillium Grandiflorum, and it has several names like white trillium, large-flowered trillium, great white trillium, white wake-robin. This unique flower is found in northern Quebec and several parts of British Columbia.

White Trillium grows and touches a height of about 20 to 50 cm. The three-petaled flower is the most recognizable feature of White Trillium.

It is the official provincial flower of Ontario, and the beautiful lily symbolizes purity, beauty, and recovery.

Mountain Avens

Mountain Avens, scientifically known as Dryas Octopetala, belongs to the Rosaceae family. The genus has around 2 to 6 species of low-trailing or mat-forming shrubs.

The arctic-alpine flowers are found in abundance in the northwest areas of Canada and can grow up to 3 to 5 cm tall.

Its scientific name, “octopetala,” comes from the eight petals of a unique shaped flower in the rose family.

Dryas octopetala is the official floral emblem of the Northwest Territories of Canada, and the unique flower of the rose family represents longevity, purity and innocence.

Prairie Crocus 

Prairie Crocus, coming from the Ranunculaceae family, is a flowering plant native to Canada. The scientific name of the Prairie Crocus is Anemone Patens and is also known as Pasque Flower.

The plant blooms between March and April. You can find them in abundance in Manitoba. It can reach up to a height of about 30 cm.

The Anemone genus gets its name from the Greek word “wind,” and that’s why Prairie Crocus is also known as windflowers.

It’s an herbaceous perennial plant that has around 40 species. The crocus is Manitoba’s official flower, and the unique Bell-shaped flowers symbolize warmth, friendliness and simplicity.


Canada is native to some of the most beautiful and unique flowers in the world that represent symbols of nature and culture.

Some flowers are official provincial floral emblems of provinces such as British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec and Nunavut. These flowers have deep meanings, and their symbolism varies with the province which it represents.

Western Red lilies stand for courage, Blue flag iris for water and wetlands, white trillium represents purity and beauty, and so on.

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Above, we talked about some unique Canadian flowers along with their meanings. We hope with this information; you will get a little closer to understanding flowers better.