Kailash Satyarthi Biography
Kailash Satyarthi is an Indian Social Reformer, Nobel Peace Laureate, and working globally towards ending violence against children.
Despite facing multiple obstacles, Kailash has fearlessly moved forward in his fight to ensure every child is educated, healthy and safe.
Satyarthi has rescued thousands of children from the scourge of slavery and also campaigned against child labour in India.
He fights for child rights and protection. He campaigned against child labour in India and advocated the universal right to education.
He was the co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Malala Yousafzai, “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.” in 2014.
Kailash Satyarthi Foundation, NGO
Kailash Satyarthi is the founder of many social activist organizations like Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Global campaign for education, Kailash Satyarthi children’s foundation & Global march against child labour.
He & his team have liberated more than 90,000 children in India child labour, trafficking & slavery at Bachpan Bachao Andolan.
He conceived and led the Global March against Child Labour, an 80,000 km-long march across 103 countries to put forth a global demand against worst forms of child labour in 1998.
That march became one of the largest social movements ever on behalf of exploited children. They demanded for child & youth, particularly the survivors of trafficking for forced labour, sexual abuse, illegal organ transplants, exploitation and many more.
It reflected in the draft of ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. The Convention was adopted at the ILO Conference in Geneva by the following year.
Kailash Satyarthi worked as the board & committee of several international organisations like including the Center for Victims of Torture (USA), the Cocoa Initiative & the International Labor Rights Fund (USA).
In 2015, he was among Fortune magazine’s “World’s Greatest Leaders”. In 2017-18, he was featured in LinkedIn’s Power Profiles List.
His nationwide march, Bharat Yatra covered 19,000km in 35 days in India to demand for legislation against child rape, child sexual abuse and trafficking.
He is one of the very few civilians whose works is covered by mostly all the prominent magazines, television channels, newspapers, and radio documentaries from all over the world.
Who is Kailash Satyarthi
Kailash Satyarthi was born as Kailash Sharma on 11th January 1954. He was born in Vidisha, a small town in Madhya Pradesh, India.
His father was a retired police head constable and his mother was an uneducated homemaker.
He is the youngest among four brothers and one sister. As a four-year-old toddler, he learned Urdu from the Maulvi at the neighbouring mosque and Hindi and English in his school.
He completed his education from Government Boys Higher Secondary School in Vidisha. He received his undergraduate degree in electrical engineering at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute in Vidisha and a post-graduate degree in high-voltage engineering.
For a few years, he joined his own college as a lecturer. He got married with Sumedha Satyarthi. The couple have a son Bhuvan Ribbu & a daughter Asmita Satyarthi.
Kailash Satyarthi gave up his career as an electrical engineer & founded Bachpan Bachao Andolan. He conceived and led the Global March Against Child Labor.
He also led its international advocacy body, the International Centre on Child Labour and Education (ICCLE), they are worldwide coalitions of NGOs, teachers and trades unionists.
During 1999 to 2011, he served as the President of the Global Campaign for Education from its inception.
Kailash Satyarthi is one of its four founders next to ActionAid, Education International & Oxfam. In 1998, he led the Global March against child labour across 103 countries 80,000 km to demand an International Law on Worst Forms of Child Labour.
At last it led to the adoption of ILO Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour.
In late 80s & early 90s, he focused on raising consumer awareness on issues relating to the accountability of global corporations regarding socially responsible consumerism, trade and supply chains.
As per Satyarthi child labour is just like human rights issue as well as a welfare matter and charitable cause.
It sustains poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, population growth, and other social problems. Several studies supported it. He linked movement against child labour with “Education for All”.
He is a member of UNESCO body and is on the board of the Fast Track Initiative, now it is known as the Global Partnership for Education.
Read Also: Anna Hazare
He is on the board and committee of several international organisations like Centre for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labour Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation.
Kailash Satyarthi Noble Prize
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In 2014, Kailash Satyarthi was awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize “for the struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”. He is the first natural-born Indian Nobel Peace Laureate.