You must comprehend the technology that either creates or breaks your content if you want to succeed as a professional broadcaster or live streamer.
Part of that learning curve involves selecting the right video streaming format. The decision between MKV and MP4 is a strongly contested issue in the realm of streaming.
Streamers frequently require assistance in determining which format fits their brand the best. Sadly, there isn’t a simple solution.
To make an informed choice, a more thorough examination is needed because each video format has advantages and disadvantages.
For streaming multimedia, MKV and MP4 video formats are both employed. MKV, the most recent of the two, provides higher quality than its predecessor.
In contrast to MP4, MKV has fewer media players and supported devices. Since MP4 is backward compatible, most devices can easily support it. What works best for you and your scenario will determine the format you use.
For your benefit, we’ve conducted a thorough comparison of MKV vs MP4 formats, with key distinctions, strengths and weaknesses of each video format. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at both formats to determine which one is the best for streaming.
What are Video File Formats?
A video file format is a standardised way of encoding and storing video data on a computer or other digital device.
There are many different video file formats, each with its own unique features and characteristics. Some of the most common video file formats include AVI, MOV, WMV, and FLV, but for the purposes of this article, we’ll be focusing on MKV and MP4.
Brief Introduction to MKV
MKV, or Matroska Video, is an open-source video file format that was first introduced in 2002. It is known for its ability to support multiple audio, video, and subtitle tracks in a single file, making it a popular choice for movies and TV shows that have multiple languages or subtitles. Some of the key features of MKV include:
Quality and Playback Performance of MKV
MKV is capable of storing high-quality video and audio, including 4K and HDR content. It also supports advanced codecs like H.265, which can provide better compression and quality compared to older codecs like H.264.
Platform Compatibility of MKV
While MKV is widely supported by many media players and streaming devices, it may not be compatible with all devices. Some older devices or platforms may not support MKV, which could lead to playback issues.
File Size in MKV
MKV files tend to be larger than other video file formats, which can make them more difficult to stream over slower internet connections.
Brief Introduction to MP4
MPEG-4 Part 14, or MP4,, is a video file format that was first introduced in 2001. It is one of the most widely used video file formats in the world, and is supported by most media players and devices. Some of the key features of MP4 include:
Quality and Playback Performance of MP4
MP4 is capable of storing high-quality video and audio, including 4K and HDR content. It also supports advanced codecs like H.265, which can provide better compression and quality compared to older codecs like H.264.
Platform Compatibility of MP4
MP4 is widely supported by most media players and devices, including older devices and platforms. This makes it a popular choice for streaming video content.
File Size in MP4
MP4 files tend to be smaller than other video file formats, which makes them easier to stream over slower internet connections.
Which is Better: MKV or MP4 for Streaming?
When it comes to streaming video content, both MKV and MP4 have their pros and cons. MKV is great for storing high-quality video and audio, especially for movies and TV shows that have multiple languages or subtitles.
However, it may not be compatible with all devices or platforms, and its larger file size can make it more difficult to stream over slower internet connections.
On the other hand, MP4 is widely supported by most devices and platforms, making it a popular choice for streaming video content.
Its smaller file size also makes it easier to stream over slower internet connections. However, it may not be the best choice for movies or TV shows with multiple languages or subtitles, as it doesn’t support multiple audio and subtitle tracks as well as MKV.
When to choose MKV or MP4?
Movies and TV Shows with Multiple Languages or Subtitles: If you’re looking to store or stream movies or TV shows with multiple languages or subtitles, MKV is the better choice due to its ability to support multiple audio and subtitle tracks.
Compatibility: If compatibility is your primary concern, MP4 is the better choice due to its wide support across most devices and platforms.
Streaming over Slow Internet Connections: If you’re streaming over a slow internet connection, MP4 is the better choice due to its smaller file size.
Customization: If you want more control over your playback options, such as chapter markers, menus, and custom subtitles, MKV is the better choice.
High-Quality Video and Audio: Both MKV and MP4 support high-quality video and audio, so either file format would be suitable for this scenario.
Ultimately, the choice between MKV and MP4 for streaming will depend on your specific needs and preferences.
If you’re looking for the highest quality video and audio and don’t mind larger file sizes, MKV may be the better choice. However, if compatibility and ease of streaming are more important to you, MP4
Which format, MKV or MP4, is more suitable? Each video format has characteristics that the other doesn’t. In the end, it comes down to your preferences and the use of the video formats that you have in mind.
In summary, MKV is better for converting DVDs and Blu-Ray discs into video files while MP4 is more often used for streaming internet content.
The quality and file size of both output formats are typically influenced by the codecs they employ. For MP4, there are more platforms and gadgets supported, though, like users frequently stream YouTube live streams to MP4 files.
Both formats are supported by Gumlet, so you can upload and broadcast MKV files without any issues.
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